What is IVF (IVF)?
It is an infertility treatment method that increases the chance of pregnancy in couples who have little or no chance of conceiving naturally. Within the scope of this method, egg collection is performed after the female egg cells (oocyte) are developed with hormone drugs. The collected eggs are fertilized in the embryology laboratory with sperm taken from the male. Pregnancy is ensured by choosing the healthiest embryo among the embryos obtained as a result of this process and placing them in the uterus of the woman.
IN WHICH SITUATIONS, IVF CAN BE DONE?
- Couples who could not get pregnant despite 3 vaccination attempts.
- Double-sided clogged tubes.
- Lazy ovulation –
- Women with widespread adhesions in the abdomen due to chocolate cyst (ENDOMETRIOMA-ENDOMETRIOSIS) and women
- with low or no sperm count or severely impaired sperm functions. In cases ofcases where
- unexplained infertility (inpregnancy cannot be achieved with other treatment methods)
- History of recurrent pregnancy loss
- Decreased number of eggs in women
- In Some Hormonal Disorders In
- order to have a healthy baby by diagnosing some hereditary diseases at the embryo stage (with pre-contagion genetic diagnosis methods)
1- (STEP)“FINDING THE CAUSE OF INfertility BY EVALUATION OF THE COUPLE”
2-(STEP)“Stimulation of the Ovaries (Ovulation Induction)
Ovulation induction or controlled ovarian hyperstimulation, which is the initial stage of IVF treatment, development of more than one egg It includes daily drug applications in the form of external injection for This stage is individualized with the dose of medication determined according to the person’s egg reserve and age.
In addition, with the needles applied, untimely cracking of the growing eggs during the treatment and spilling into the patient’s abdomen is prevented. Although egg development varies from person to person, it takes an average of 7-10 days.
3-(STEP)“Egg Collection The eggs
that reach a certain maturity and quality during the stimulation process are ready for egg collection process 34-35 hours after the cracking needle is applied. At this stage, timing is very important for the expected success: The needle should be applied correctly at the specified time.
Sperm Sperm preparation in IVF method consists of selecting and concentrating the sperms in the best way.
5-(STEP)“Fertilization of Eggs
The egg cells we obtain are fertilized with sperm in the embryology laboratory. At this stage, fertilization is achieved by using the normal in vitro fertilization method or microinjection method according to the egg and sperm quality. Fertilization is expected to occur within 12 to 16 hours; Fertilization is detected with the aid of a microscope. After the fertilization result is notified to the couple, the time for embryo transfer is decided.
6-(PHASE)“Pregnancy Test A
pregnancy test is performed 12 days after the transfer process. It is learned whether pregnancy has occurred or not. This test is a blood test called BHCG in the blood that does not require fasting and satiety. The mother-to-be with a positive pregnancy test result is invited for ultrasound as the next step.
Until what age can IVF be applied? How long should older patients wait?
IVF can be applied up to the age of 44. However, it should be known that the chance is less after 42 years of age.
How is embryo selection done? How can multiple pregnancy be prevented?
Healthy embryos are selected for fresh transfer. Depending on the age of the woman, 1-2 embryos are placed in the uterus.
How long does it take to treat the test-tube baby?
It takes about 30 days from the beginning of the treatment to the day of the pregnancy test.
What are the factors affecting the success of the IVF procedure?
The age of the woman, the quality of the embryo, the integrity of the uterus affect the success.
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